Design and Technology

Key Stage 1 Support - Levers, sliders, wheels and axles
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Year 1
 
In Year 1, the children develop their design skills and make their design following their drawing. They learn to evaluate their creations and decide if they could be made stronger and stiffer so they work. Year 1 children investigate levers and sliders and use these within their designs and models. They also begin to look at what foods are healthy and decide on a healthy snack to eat. 
Year 2
 
In Year 2, the children begin to develop their designs by using specific criteria to include. They continue to develop their cutting and joining skills and investigate how to use wheels and axles. Once they have made their designs, the children review their work to see what went well and why as well as deciding if they would change anything next time.  Children develop their understanding of food hygiene and how this can help to keep us safe and healthy. They apply this knowledge into planning and making a healthy snack to eat too!
Year 3
 
In Year 3, the children create designs against specific criteria and label their designs. They consider the purpose of their designs with the design criteria. The children investigate levers and linkages as well as circuits that include bulbs. Some designs are considered outdoors! Soon, Year 3 are also looking to develop their computing skills to include the use of monitors and simple controls within their designs! How exciting.
Year 4
 
In Year 4, the children plan, design and make their creations but also make a prototype to evaluate and adapt. They too consider the purpose of their design along with specific criteria. The children also begin to annotate their designs and consider the aesthetics of their product. Year 4 make references in their designs and creations to linkages and cams and apply their food hygiene skills in preparing and cooking simple foods.
Year 5
 
In Year 5, the children begin to use computer aided designs to create and label their designs. They consider the design criteria, the aesthetics and purpose of their design. They build upon their knowledge of prototypes and develop these skills whilst considering who their product will appeal to - which market to target? Year 5 will investigate and use pulleys and gears and use their knowledge of electrical circuits to include switches within their designs. Year 5 pupils will also increase their understanding of 'seasonality' and identify where food groups are grown/ produced.
Year 6
 
In Year 6, the children build upon their existing skills with computer aided design to create designs which they then annotate. They discuss and share considerations for criteria, market and how these will impact on their product. They consider costings and work within/to a specific budget and conduct simple market research prior to their design models. Pupils in Year 6 increase their awareness of food hygiene, develop their preparation skills in order to prepare and cook a range of foods considering seasonality for produce as part of the process.